Laser Pigmentation Removal and Fractional Laser Treatments
Skin pigmentation marks are a build up of melanocytes (cells containing melanin) under the skin typically referred to as freckles and age spots on the hands, face and body. Different types of laser and IPL can be used depending on the type of pigmentation.
Skin Conditions Treated?
- Sun Spots
- Flat pigmented birthmarks (congenital melanocytic naevi)
How does Laser Pigmentation Removal work?
The Laser produces a wavelength of high energy light which targets the specific area of pigmentation because the laser is absorbed only by cells containing an excessive concentration of melanin. The laser breaks down the excess pigment so the tiny particles can pass through the skins fibrous tissue to be removed by the body’s immune system this causes efficient destruction while leaving the surrounding tissue undamaged.
Fractional Laser for treating melasma
Fractional laser treatment is a non-invasive treatment that uses a device to deliver a laser beam divided into thousands of microscopic treatment zones that target a fraction of the skin at a time.
How does fractional laser treatment work?
To understand how fractional laser treatment works a basic understanding of skin structure is required. Briefly, skin consists of 3 layers, the epidermis (uppermost layer), dermis (mid-layer) and subcutis (lower fat layer). The epidermis contains pigment-producing cells called melanocytes, which are responsible for skin colouring.
Melasma is a skin condition characterised by brown patches or freckle-like spots. It’s often called the “mask of pregnancy’ as hormonal changes, stress and medication can cause of overproduction of the cells that make pigment In the skin.
A skin consultation, patch test and preparation of the skin is needed before treatment can begin.
As above the laser breaks down the excess pigment and the whole areas of pigment are covered in one session.